Dr. Tim Heidel is the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association’s (NRECA) deputy chief scientist. In this role he helps lead NRECA’s research and development activities, with emphasis in the areas of electric utility data analytics and grid cybersecurity. Prior to joining NRECA, Dr. Heidel served as a program director at the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), where he managed a portfolio of over 75 research projects. His focus at ARPA-E included new approaches for controlling and optimizing the transmission and delivery of electric power, particularly in the context of high renewables penetrations. Before joining ARPA-E, Dr. Heidel served as the research director for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) 2011 “Future of the Electric Grid” study. In that role, he coordinated the research efforts of faculty and students from the departments of economics, policy, and electrical engineering on the most important challenges and opportunities that are likely to face the US electric grid between now and 2030. He holds SB, MEng, and PhD degrees in electrical engineering and an MS in technology and policy from MIT.