Publications and Resources

Research Report - August 07, 2013

Most observers of U.S. energy policy might think of energy efficiency as a useful investment strategy to smartly manage the growth of energy consumption. They might also see it as a cost-effective means to ease our transition into a post-carbon world. And yes, the evidence does support both of...

Research Report - July 31, 2013

Over the past several years, energy efficiency financing has been widely viewed as a promising solution to reducing upfront cost barriers to energy efficiency investment. However, several markets, including commercial office markets and the multifamily subsector, remain stubbornly hard to reach...

Research Report - July 30, 2013

When appliance standards are revised, the Department of Energy (DOE) looks at the estimated benefits of standards relative to the estimated costs and only sets standards that it finds are cost-effective to consumers. This study compares the projected and actual costs of nine appliance and...

Research Report - July 18, 2013

Electric and natural gas utilities could reap substantial rewards by investing in or otherwise encouraging new combined heat and power (CHP) systems in their service territories. The benefits of CHP to individual facilities are well-known, but those benefits are likely less compelling than the...

Research Report - July 08, 2013

The United States has had a variety of programs to encourage improved energy efficiency in residential and commercial buildings for about 40 years, going all the way back to the 1973 oil embargo. These programs are operated by the federal government as well as states, utilities, municipalities...

Research Report - July 08, 2013

The United States has had a variety of programs to encourage improved energy efficiency in the industrial sector. These programs are operated by the federal government as well as states, utilities, municipalities, and nonprofit organizations. Some of these programs are decades old, though many...

Research Report - June 27, 2013

In this report, we attempt to define and characterize the energy use of electric and gas miscellaneous loads associated with commercial and residential buildings, identify the biggest among them, and suggest initial strategies for improving the efficiency of energy use.

Research Report - June 20, 2013

Programs provided to electric and gas customers by their utilities or related organizations have existed since the 1970s in many states and regions of the United States. They have evolved and responded to numerous changes in energy markets, technologies, policies, and customer needs. In 2003...

Research Report - June 12, 2013

Large-scale introduction of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) into the light-duty fleet would substantially reduce U.S. oil consumption. It could also deliver important environmental benefits—specifically reduced emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and other pollutants, but these benefits will...

Research Report - June 11, 2013

In April 2012, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed a new source performance standard (NSPS), limiting carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from new fossil fuel–fired electric generating units (EGUs). Under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), the EPA and state governments...

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