The Take-Back Effect--Fact or Fiction?

Research Report U933

Author(s)

Steve Nadel

Description:

Economists and other analysts have postulated that savings from efficiency measures are reduced as consumers use some of the money they save to purchase increased comfort or to operate energy-consuming equipment more intensively. This paper reviews more than 40 energy efficiency program evaluations that address this issue and concludes that in most situations there is little or no take-back effect. Presented at the Energy Program Evaluation Conference.