In 2007, the new Congress put energy legislation high on its agenda, with the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) passing just before Christmas, 2007. Following a change in leadership in the House and Senate after the 2006 elections, the new legislation came as a response to high energy prices and growing concerns about global warming. EISA emphasizes energy efficiency as a top priority with the following major provisions:
- Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards. The legislation calls for a 35 mpg CAFEstandard for cars and light trucks by 2020, with “maximum feasible” increases beyond this date.
- Appliance and Equipment Efficiency Standards. The new law contains many provisions setting new minimum efficiency standards based on consensus agreements between industry and ACEEE.
More detailed summary of standards provisions in the new bill
- Lamp Efficiency Standards. The bill sets lamp efficiency standards for common light bulbs, requiring them to use about 20-30% less energy than present incandescent bulbs by 2012-2014 (phasing in over several years) and requiring a DOE rulemaking to set standards that will reduce energy use to no more than about 65% of current lamp use by 2020.
- Regional Standards. The legislation allows DOE to set up to one regional standard for heating products and two regional standards for cooling products, in addition to the main national standard.
- Industrial Efficiency Programs. The bill updates the authorization for DOE's industrial program to reflect challenges facing U.S.manufacturing.
- Combined Heat and Power, Recycled Energy and District Energy. The bill contains important new provisions that promote combined heat and power (CHP), recycled energy and district energy systems.
- CommercialBuildingInitiative. Provision authorizes a Commercial Building Initiative (CBI) combining research, development, and deployment, to be run by DOE with input from an industry consortium.