Policy Analysis

Federal and state energy efficiency policy analysis, which examines the overall costs and benefits of potential new policy opportunities and those of existing policies and programs, is a critical tool in developing effective energy efficiency policies. ACEEE conducts in-depth policy analysis to advise state and federal policymakers and program managers. 

Several ACEEE research areas focus on documenting existing program and policy best practices as well as the barriers to greater energy efficiency, which are critical tools to a robust policy analysis.  Our assessments of new policy opportunities typically estimate the costs to implement policies over time, the energy savings and consumer dollar savings potential, economic and job creation benefits, and the allocation of these costs and benefits across consumer sectors. 

ACEEE has conducted federal policy analysis for numerous versions of proposed energy bills and enacted legislation, including the Federal Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct 1992), the Federal Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005), the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (ACES), and the American Clean Energy Leadership Act of 2009 (ACELA), among others.  Major energy efficiency provisions that have been included in these policy analyses include fuel economy standards, appliance and equipment standards, energy efficiency tax incentives, building energy codes, and industrial energy efficiency.  Several ACEEE policy analyses include multiple scenarios to estimate how various levels of energy efficiency policies could impact consumer energy bills and job creation.

State energy efficiency potential studies are another policy analysis tool.  ACEEE has conducted state energy efficiency studies for over a dozen states as part of our State Clean Energy Resource Project.  These studies typically examine policies such as energy efficiency resource standards, building energy codes, efficiency in state government facilities, industrial energy efficiency, and combined heat and power, and assess the relative impacts on energy savings, consumer energy bills, and the economy.