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State Energy Efficiency Policy

State and Local Energy Efficiency Policy Database

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State Policy Resources

In our latest edition of ACEEE’s State Energy Efficiency Scorecard, we present a comprehensive ranking of the states based on an array of metrics that capture best practices and recognize leadership in energy efficiency policy and program implementation....
The State Clean Energy Resource Project serves as a national “geological survey” of energy efficiency and renewable resources. It is a center for information and expertise that facilitates clean energy policy adoption and implementation at the state level. While the...
For decades, states have demonstrated leadership in developing and implementing energy efficiency policies. To support further development of energy efficiency at the state level, ACEEE prepares thoughtful, innovative research and maintains a comprehensive suite of technical...
The State Current Newsletter features some of the latest energy efficiency news in the states. It is sent quarterly to state-level energy efficiency stakeholders, who are encouraged to stay engaged with ACEEE and provide feedback on updates or developments in their regions.
Local policies related to energy efficiency can improve community self-reliance, save consumers and citizens money, create local “main street” jobs, catalyze local economic investment, and protect the environment.
Many states are struggling to recover from a recession, meet budget shortfalls, and lower unemployment rates. At the same time, states must take action to comply with a number of federal air regulations. Proactive states can use energy efficiency to address all of these policy...

Policy Priorities

Minimum efficiency standards for residential appliances and lighting have been one of the most successful policies used by states and the federal government to save energy. Appliance efficiency standards prohibit the production and import or sale...
The value of energy efficiency in properly implemented construction standards is universally recognized as the easiest and most cost-effective way to help consumers save energy and money, make housing more affordable, and reduce air pollution. All...
Financial incentives are an important instrument for spurring investment in energy efficient technologies and services. The incorporation of a financial incentive can make energy efficiency investments more alluring for private and public entities...
Distributed generation, also called on-site generation or decentralized generation, is the term for generation of electricity from sources that are near the point of consumption, as opposed to centralized generation sources such as large utility-...
Fuel economy and emissions standards are not the only components to consider when addressing transportation sector energy use in the long term. U.S.highway vehicle-miles-traveled (VMT) is projected to grow 28% by 2030, substantially outpacing...
Energy efficiency measures have been proven by many analyses to be the most cost-effective and fast-track way to address global climate change while reducing energy usage and more affordably expanding the use of renewable energy sources.  In...
Government facilities, fleets, and operations offer a unique opportunity for federal, state, and local governments to lead by example, incorporating energy efficiency measures into their facilities and achieving significant energy cost savings....
Many states are struggling to recover from a recession, meet budget shortfalls, and lower unemployment rates. At the same time, states must take action to comply with a number of federal air regulations. Proactive states can use energy efficiency...

Utility Policies & Programs

Investor-owned utilities (private companies with ownership shares held by stockholders) serve the majority of electricity and natural gas customers in the United States. These utilities are primarily regulated at the state level, where public...
The origin of utility-sector energy efficiency programs traces back to the energy crises in the 1970s, when a new concept of "energy conservation" emerged to help customers cope with soaring energy prices. Over time, this led to the...
An Energy Efficiency Resource Standard (EERS) establishes specific, long-term targets for energy savings that utilities or non-utility program administrators must meet through customer energy efficiency programs. An EERS can apply to...
In the traditional model for establishing rates for customers of regulated electric and natural gas utilities, higher sales of energy lead to higher utility revenues (and, in turn, utility profits). This is a strong financial disincentive for...
A "smart grid" is an electrical transmission and distribution system that employs a full array of advanced electronic metering, communications, and control technologies. The grid can provide detailed feedback to customers and system...
Advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) yields data that can enable and empower customers to identify opportunities to reduce their energy use and to track the results of such changes. When utilities install advanced metering infrastructure (AMI)...

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