Twenty Years After the Embargo: U.S. Oil Import Dependence and How it Can be Reduced

Research Report E933


Howard Geller, John DeCicco, John A. "Skip" Laitner, and Christopher Dyson


This review of direct and indirect oil import costs examines actions that can be taken to reduce future imports. It finds that the U.S. could greatly reduce its oil imports during the next 20 years by increasing energy efficiency and accelerating the introduction of fuels derived from renewable energy sources, particularly in the transport sector. Published in Energy Policy, 1994.